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NATI0NAL MUSEUM BANGKOK
NATI0NAL MUSEUM BANGKOK
Originally the Personal Museum of King Rama IV with a collection of antiques and Royal Gifts, King Rama V subsequently opened the Sahathai Samakom Pavilion (Concordia Tower) in the Grand Palace grounds as a Public Museum. It was then moved to three palace buildings in he Front Palace (Wang Na). King Rama VII then Save over all buildings in the Front Palace to be he Bangkok Museum.
Exhibition areas are split into three groups:
Gallery of Thai Nation: From the Kingdom of Sukhothai to the Rattanakosin period, in the Sivamokhaphiman Hall.
History of Art and Archaeology in Thailand: Divided into two periods: Prehistory, at the back of the Sivamokhaphiman Hall, and the Historical period, exhibiting sculpture from the 15th century 80 to the Rattanakosin period at the Prapat Pipitthapan Building, with sculpture from before this period on display in the Maha Surasinghanat Building.
Fine Arts and Ethnology: Includes displays of musical instruments, nielloware, gold, mother-of -pearl inlay, wood carvings, old textiles, khon masks, puppets, etc. in the group of palace buildings.
Funeral Chariot Hall: Displays funeral carriages such as Phra Mahaphichai Ratcharot, Vejjayantra Ratcharot, the Small Carriage (Ratcharot Noi) and other paraphernalia of Royal Cremations.
In the past, the Front Palace was of secondary importance only to the main palace, and was the residence of Somdet Chao Phraya Maha Surasinghanat, the heir apparent. The many buildings inside include Bhuddhaisawan Chapel, Tamnak Daeng (Red House), Mungkhalaphisek Pavilion, and Sala Longsong Pavilion, considered to be "outstanding examples of traditional Thai architecture."
With increasing trade with the West resulting in a shortage of traditional bullet coins, King Rama IV ordered the purchase of machinery to mint coins which was installed at the Royal Mint in the Grand Palace. This was replaced in the reign of King Rama V who ordered the construction of an entirely new building for the Royal Mint, which carried on producing coins until its machinery wore out and the Mint moved to Vibhavadi Rangsit Road.
Department of Fine Arts then requested its use from the Royal Mint to create the National Gallery in 1974.
The Structure: It contains elements of both Thai and Western architecture and is a "typical building from the reign of King Rama V"
Permanent Exhibitions: These include collections of modern art by famous Thai artists both past and present, and includes works by both King Rama VI and His Majesty the present King, traditional murals and all categories of modern art from the first days to the present.
Temporary Exhibitions: Thai and foreign artists arrange revolving exhibitions alternating with annual exhibitions, where the work on display goes through selection, and includes painting, 'sculpture, prints and installations.
There are also a library and a souvenir shop selling books and postcards. Interested people can listen to lectures, training and seminars about artistic activities arranged by the National Gallery.